Scholars on the Meaning of “Khatam al-Nabiyyin”

ุจุณู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุญูŠู… ุงู„ุญู…ุฏ ู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุญุฏู‡ ูˆ ุงู„ุตู„ุงุฉ ูˆ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุนู„ู‰ ู…ู† ู„ุง ู†ุจูŠ ุจุนุฏู‡ ูˆ ุนู„ู‰ ุขู„ู‡ ูˆ ุฃุตุญุงุจู‡ ุฃุฌู…ุนูŠู†

In this post we see quotes from various scholars about the meaning of “khatam al-nabiyyin”. Many issues that are often a subject of discussion among the Muslims and Ahmadis are dealt with in these quotes.

Qatada (d. circa 100 A.H.):

ุนู† ู‚ุชุงุฏุฉ ، ููŠ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ : ( ูˆุฎุงุชู… ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู†) ู‚ุงู„ :  ุขุฎุฑ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู†

It is narrated from Qatadah that he said about the word of Allah, “Wa Khฤtam al-Nabiyyin”: “[It means] Last of the Prophets.” (Tafsir Abdul Razzaq al-San’ani, Narration 2270)

Hassan al-Basri (d. 110 A.H.):

ุนู† ุงู„ุญุณู† ููŠ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ { ูˆุฎุงุชู… ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† } ู‚ุงู„ : ุฎุชู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† ุจู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ، ูˆูƒุงู† ุขุฎุฑ ู…ู† ุจุนุซ

It is narrated from Hassan [al-Basri] said about the word of Allah, “Wa Khฤtam al-Nabiyyin”: “Allah completed the series of the Prophets through Muhammad, may Allah bless him, and he is last [of them] in being raised.” (Durr al-Manthur cf. ‘Abd bin Hameed)

Abu Hanifa (d. 150 A.H.):

Imam Mofiq bin Ahmad al-Makki (d. 568 A.H.) narrates:

ูˆุชู†ุจุฃ ุฑุฌู„ ูู‰ ุฒู…ู† ุงุจู‰ ุญู†ูŠูุฉ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุงู…ู‡ู„ูˆู†ู‰ ุญุชู‰ ุงุฌุฆ ุจุงู„ุนู„ุงู…ุงุช ูู‚ุงู„ ุงุจูˆ ุญู†ูŠูุฉ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุทู„ุจ ู…ู†ู‡ ุนู„ุงู…ุฉ ูู‚ุฏ ูƒูุฑ ู„ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… « ู„ุง ู†ุจู‰ ุจุนุฏู‰ »

A man in the time of Abu Hanifa, may Allah have mercy on him, claimed to be a prophet and said, ‘Allow me to present proofs of my prophethood.’  Abu Hanifa, may Allah have mercy on him, ruled: ‘Anyone who demands a proof of prophethood from him, will also turn a disbeliever, for the Messenger of Allah has said: ‘there is no prophet after me.’’ (Manaqib al-Imam al-‘Azam Abi Hanifa vol.1 p.161, Da’ira al-Ma’arif al-Nizamia, Hyderabad Deccan 1321 A.H.)

This shows that to the greatest of mujtahid Imams any consideration of what a claimant of prophethood may say was tantamount to disbelief. Simple!

Ibn Jarir al-Tabari (d. 310 A.H.):

Commenting on the words “Khฤtam al-Nabiyyin” he says:

ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฎุชู… ุงู„ู†ุจูˆุฉ ูุทุจุน ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง، ูู„ุง ุชูุชุญ ู„ุฃุญุฏ ุจุนุฏู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ู‚ูŠุงู… ุงู„ุณุงุนุฉ

“He brought the Prophethood to end and sealed it. Now this door will not be opened for anyone till the establishment of Doomsday.” (Tafsir Ibn Jarir al-Tabari)

Al-Zamakhshari (d. 538 A.H.):

ูุฅู† ู‚ู„ุช : ูƒูŠู ูƒุงู† ุขุฎุฑ ุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุก ูˆุนูŠุณู‰ ูŠู†ุฒู„ ููŠ ุขุฎุฑ ุงู„ุฒู…ุงู†؟ ู‚ู„ุช : ู…ุนู†ู‰ ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุขุฎุฑ ุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุก ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠู†ุจุฃ ุฃุญุฏ ุจุนุฏู‡ ، ูˆุนูŠุณู‰ ู…ู…ู† ู†ุจู‰ุก ู‚ุจู„ู‡ ، ูˆุญูŠู† ูŠู†ุฒู„ ูŠู†ุฒู„ ุนุงู…ู„ุงً ุนู„ู‰ ุดุฑูŠุนุฉ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุงูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ، ู…ุตู„ูŠุงً ุฅู„ู‰ ู‚ุจู„ุชู‡ ، ูƒุฃู†ู‡ ุจุนุถ ุฃู…ุชู‡

“If you ask; how can the Holy Prophet be the last of the Prophets when there is the belief that ‘Eisa will come down near the End of the Times before Resurrection? I shall say: The Holy Prophet is the last of the Prophets in the sense that no other person will be raised as a Prophet after him. As for the ‘Eisa (may Allah bless him), he is one of those who had been made the Prophets before the advent of the Holy Prophet. And when he comes again, he will come as a follower of the Shariah of Muhammad, may Allah bless him, and will offer prayers facing his qiblah like any other person of his Ummah.”
(Tafsir al-Kashshaf)

The same has been stated by;

Abu al-Barakat al-Nasafi (d. 710 A.H.) in Tafsir Madarik al-Tanzil
Nizamuddin al-Qumi (d. 728 A.H.) in Tafsir Gharaib al-Qur’an
Abu al-Hassan al-Khazin (d. 741 A.H.) in Tafsir Lubab al-Tanzil
Abu Sa’ud al-‘Imadi (d. 982 A.H.) in Tafsir Irshad al-‘Aql al-Salim Ila Mazaya al-Qur’an al-Karim
Ibn Ujayba (d. 1224 A.H.) in Tafsir Bahr al-Madid

Still if someone has any misgiving about the return of ‘Eisa ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… and its relation to Finality of Prophethood then it is truly unfortunate.

Fakhruddin al-Razi (d. 606 A.H.):

Discussing Qur’an 33:40 and the Prophet’s compassion for his Ummah, he writes;

ูˆَุฎَุงุชَู…َ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† : ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠูƒูˆู† ุจุนุฏู‡ ู†ุจูŠ ุฅู† ุชุฑูƒ ุดูŠุฆุงً ู…ู† ุงู„ู†ุตูŠุญุฉ ูˆุงู„ุจูŠุงู† ูŠุณุชุฏุฑูƒู‡ ู…ู† ูŠุฃุชูŠ ุจุนุฏู‡ ، ูˆุฃู…ุง ู…ู† ู„ุง ู†ุจูŠ ุจุนุฏู‡ ูŠูƒูˆู† ุฃุดูู‚ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู…ุชู‡ ูˆุฃู‡ุฏู‰ ู„ู‡ู… ูˆุฃุฌุฏู‰ ، ุฅุฐ ู‡ูˆ ูƒูˆุงู„ุฏ ู„ูˆู„ุฏู‡ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ู„ูŠุณ ู„ู‡ ุบูŠุฑู‡ ู…ู† ุฃุญุฏ

“In this context, the reason for saying Khฤtaman-nabiyyin is that, a prophet after whom another prophet is to be raised, leaves the work of admonition and explanation of injunctions somewhat incomplete, and the one coming after him can complete it. But the Prophet after whom no other Prophet is to be raised, is far more compassionate to his Ummah and gives them explicit guidance, for he is like the father who knows that after him his son has no guardian and patron to take care of him.” (Tafsir al-Kabir)

Did Holy Prophet, may Allah bless him, leave anything incomplete? Was the deen not perfected before he died?

Al-‘Izz bin Abdus Salam (d. 660 A.H.):

He comments:

{ูˆَุฎَุงุชَู…َ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู†} ุขุฎุฑู‡ู…

“{Wa Khatam al-Nabiyyin} (i.e.) Last of them” (Tafsir al-Qur’an li-‘Izz bin Abdus Salam)

Al-Qurtubi (d. 671 A.H.):

The great Spanish Muslim mufassir of the Qur’an quotes another great scholar Ibn Atya as saying;

ู‡َุฐِู‡ِ ุงู„ْุฃَู„ْูَุงุธُ ุนู†ุฏ ุฌَู…َุงุนَุฉُ ุนُู„َู…َุงุกِ ุงู„ْุฃُู…َّุฉِ ุฎَู„َูًุง ูˆَุณَู„َูًุง ู…ُุชَู„َู‚َّุงุฉٌ ุนَู„َู‰ ุงู„ْุนُู…ُูˆู…ِ ุงู„ุชَّุงู…ِّ ู…ُู‚ْุชَุถِูŠَุฉٌ ู†َุตًّุง ุฃَู†َّู‡ُ ู„َุง ู†َุจِูŠَّ ุจَุนْุฏَู‡ُ ุตَู„َّู‰ ุงู„ู„َّู‡ُ ุนَู„َูŠْู‡ِ ูˆَุณَู„َّู…َ

“To the scholars of the ummah, of (both) the later and earlier times , these words are to be taken in absolute general terms whereby the text necessitates the meaning that there is no prophet after him –may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.” (Tafsir Jami’ li-Ahkam al-Quran)

What a clear testimony that to the scholars of the Ummah these words must be taken in absolute general terms.  No exception to “non-shari’i”, “ummati” or “buruzi” prophet(s)!

Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi (d. 745 A.H.):

ุฃู„ูุงุธ ุชู‚ุชุถูŠ ู†ุตุงً ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ู†ุจูŠ ุจุนุฏู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ، ูˆุงู„ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุฃู† ู„ุง ูŠุชู†ุจุฃ ุฃุญุฏ ุจุนุฏู‡ ، ูˆู„ุง ูŠุฑุฏ ู†ุฒูˆู„ ุนูŠุณู‰ ุขุฎุฑ ุงู„ุฒู…ุงู† ، ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู…ู…ู† ู†ุจู‰ุก ู‚ุจู„ู‡ ، ูˆูŠู†ุฒู„ ุนุงู…ู„ุงً ุนู„ู‰ ุดุฑูŠุนุฉ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู…ุตู„ูŠุงً ุฅู„ู‰ ู‚ุจู„ุชู‡ ูƒุฃู†ู‡ ุจุนุถ ุฃู…ุชู‡

“[These] words serve as evidence that there will be no Prophet after him, may Allah bless him. And the meaning is, no one will be made a prophet after him. And this does not contradict the descent of ‘Eisa near the End of Times, for he is one of those who were made prophets before him and he will descend following the shar’iah of Muhammad, may Allah bless him, praying facing his qibah like one from his own people Ummah.” (Tafsir Bahr al-Muhit)

Ibn Kathir (d. 774 A.H.):

ูู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุขูŠุฉ ู†ุต ููŠ ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ู†ุจูŠ ุจุนุฏู‡، ูˆุฅุฐุง ูƒุงู† ู„ุง ู†ุจูŠ ุจุนุฏู‡ ูู„ุง ุฑุณูˆู„ [ุจุนุฏู‡] ุจุทุฑูŠู‚ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ูˆุงู„ุฃุญุฑู‰؛ ู„ุฃู† ู…ู‚ุงู… ุงู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ุฃุฎุต ู…ู† ู…ู‚ุงู… ุงู„ู†ุจูˆุฉ، ูุฅู† ูƒู„ ุฑุณูˆู„ ู†ุจูŠ، ูˆู„ุง ูŠู†ุนูƒุณ

“This verse categorically states that there will be no Prophet [Nabi] after him. If there will be no Prophet [Nabi] after him then there will surely be no Messenger [Rasul] after him either, because the status of a Messenger is higher than that of a Prophet, for every Messenger is a Prophet but the reverse is not the case.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Al-Baqa’i (d. 885 A.H.):

ุฃูŠ ู„ุฃู† ุฑุณุงู„ุชู‡ ุนุงู…ุฉ ูˆู†ุจูˆุชู‡ ู…ุนู‡ุง ุฅุนุฌุงุฒ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ، ูู„ุง ุญุงุฌุฉ ู…ุน ุฐู„ูƒ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงุณุชู†ุจุงุก ูˆู„ุง ุฅุฑุณุงู„ ، ูู„ุง ูŠูˆู„ุฏ ุจุนุฏู‡ ู…ู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ู†ุจูŠุงً ، ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ู…ู‚ุชุถ ู„ุฆู„ุง ูŠุจู„ุบ ู„ู‡ ูˆู„ุฏ ูŠูˆู„ุฏ ู…ู†ู‡ ู…ุจู„ุบ ุงู„ุฑุฌุงู„ ، ูˆู„ูˆ ู‚ุถูŠ ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ุจุนุฏู‡ ู†ุจูŠ ู„ู…ุง ูƒุงู† ุฅู„ุง ู…ู† ู†ุณู„ู‡ ุฅูƒุฑุงู…ุงً ู„ู‡ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุฃุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† ุฑุชุจุฉ ูˆุฃุนุธู… ุดุฑูุงً ، ูˆู„ูŠุณ ู„ุฃุญุฏ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃู†ุจูŠุงุก ูƒุฑุงู…ุฉ ุฅู„ุง ูˆู„ู‡ ู…ุซู„ู‡ุง ุฃูˆ ุฃุนุธู… ู…ู†ู‡ุง ، ูˆู„ูˆ ุตุงุฑ ุฃุญุฏ ู…ู† ูˆู„ุฏู‡ ุฑุฌู„ุงً ู„ูƒุงู† ู†ุจูŠุงً ุจุนุฏ ุธู‡ูˆุฑ ู†ุจูˆุชู‡ ، ูˆู‚ุฏ ู‚ุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃู„ุง ูŠูƒูˆู† ุจุนุฏู‡ ู†ุจูŠ ุฅูƒุฑุงู…ุงً ู„ู‡ ، ุฑูˆู‰ ุฃุญู…ุฏ ูˆุงุจู† ู…ุงุฌู‡ ุนู† ุฃู†ุณ ูˆุนู† ุงุจู† ุนุจุงุณ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ู…ุง ุฃู† ุงู„ู†ุจูŠ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู‚ุงู„ ููŠ ุงุจู†ู‡ ุฅุจุฑุงู‡ูŠู… : « ู„ูˆ ุนุงุด ู„ูƒุงู† ุตุฏูŠู‚ุงً ู†ุจูŠุงً » ، ูˆู„ู„ุจุฎุงุฑูŠ ู†ุญูˆู‡ ุนู† ุงู„ุจุฑุงุก ุจู† ุนุงุฒุจ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ، ูˆู„ู„ุจุฎุงุฑูŠ ู…ู† ุญุฏูŠุซ ุงุจู† ุฃุจูŠ ุฃูˆูู‰ ุฑุถูŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ : ู„ูˆ ู‚ุถู‰ ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ุจุนุฏ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู†ุจูŠ ู„ุนุงุด ุงุจู†ู‡ ، ูˆู„ูƒู† ู„ุง ู†ุจูŠ ุจุนุฏู‡ ูˆุงู„ุญุงุตู„ ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠุฃุชูŠ ุจุนุฏู‡ ู†ุจูŠ ุจุดุฑุน ุฌุฏูŠุฏ ู…ุทู„ู‚ุงً ูˆู„ุง ูŠุชุฌุฏุฏ ุจุนุฏู‡ ุฃูŠุถุงً ุงุณุชู†ุจุงุก ู†ุจูŠ ู…ุทู„ู‚ุงً

{And the seal of the prophets} means as his message is general and his prophethood carries a miracle of the Quran, so there is no more need to assign prophets or messengers, so no prophet is to born after him, and it also entails that none of his children will reach the age of manhood. Because if there were to be a prophet raised after him it would have been from his offspring as an honor to him because he is the highest of the prophets in status and greatest of them in nobility. And there was no honor for any one from amongst the prophets but similar or more of it was due to him. If any of his sons were to reach the age of manhood he would have been a prophet after him. And as an honor to him Allah had decreed that there is no prophet after him. Ahmad and Ibn Majah have narrated from Anas and Ibn ‘Abbas –may Allah be pleased with them both- that the Prophet –may Allah bless him- said about his son Ibrahim: “Had he lived he would have been a Siddiq and a Prophet.” And Bukhari has the same narrated from al-Bara’ bin ‘Aazib –may Allah bless him. And with Bukhari is a narration from Ibn Abi Aufa –may Allah bless him: “If it were decreed for a Prophet to be after Muhammad, may Allah bless him, his son would have lived but there is no Prophet after him.” And the conclusion is that there is no way for a prophet with a new law to come after him and similarly there is no chance of revival of assignment of prophethood after him. (Nazam al-Dorar wa Tanasub al-Ayat wal Suar)

There are many points of consideration here.

  1. Finality of Prophethood means no prophet is to be born after him.
  2. As some of earlier prophet’s had their sons raised to the status of prophethood it demanded that a son of the Prophet reaching the age of manhood should not be denied the same so Allah decreed for his sons not to reach that age. This way he was not denied an honor and was blessed with another honor of being of the last of all of the Prophets.
  3. It also cuts at the roots of the Ahmadiyya’s cunning Appeal of Emotion when they say how come Holy Prophet spiritual power fails to originate another prophet because if it was to be so, some of his sons would have survived him.
  4. At the end al-Baqa’i clarifies; neither a law bearing prophet would come after him nor would prophethood in general be revived after him. The learned scholar clearly mentioned the belief of Muslims denying possibility of the particular, the law-bearing prophet and then the same for in general terms thus clarifying prophethood of any kind is impossible after the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him.
  5. Just like a) at the end he says revival of “assignment of prophethood” (istinba’ nabi) which does not contradict the return of ‘Eisa, may Allah bless him, for he was born and assigned with prophethood before the Holy Prophet –may Allah bless him.

Isma’il al-Haqqi (d. 1127 A.H.):

ู‚ุฑุฃ ุนุงุตู… ุจูุชุญ ุงู„ุชุงุก ูˆู‡ูˆ ุขู„ุฉ ุงู„ุฎุชู… ุจู…ุนู†ู‰ ู…ุง ูŠุฎุชู… ุจู‡ ูƒุงู„ุทุงุจุน ุจู…ุนู†ู‰ ู…ุง ูŠุทุจุน ุจู‡ . ูˆุงู„ู…ุนู†ู‰ ูˆูƒุงู† ุขุฎุฑู‡ู… ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฎุชู…ูˆุง ุจู‡ … ูˆู‚ุฑุฃ ุงู„ุจุงู‚ูˆู† ุจูƒุณุฑ ุงู„ุชุงุก ุงู‰ ูƒุงู† ุฎุงุชู…ู‡ู… … ูˆู‡ูˆ ุจุงู„ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ุงูˆู„ ุงูŠุถุง … ููƒุงู†ุช ุนู„ู…ุงุก ุงู…ุชู‡ ูˆุฑุซุชู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู…ู† ุฌู‡ุฉ ุงู„ูˆู„ุงูŠุฉ ูˆุงู†ู‚ุทุน ุงุฑุซ ุงู„ู†ุจูˆุฉ ุจุฎุชู…ูŠุชู‡ ูˆู„ุง ูŠู‚ุฏุญ ูู‰ ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุฎุงุชู… ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† ู†ุฒูˆู„ ุนูŠุณู‰ ุจุนุฏู‡ ู„ุงู† ู…ุนู†ู‰ ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุฎุงุชู… ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† ุงู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠู†ุจุฃ ุงุญุฏ ุจุนุฏู‡ ูƒู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ ู„ุนู„ู‰ ุฑุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ « ุงู†ุช ู…ู†ู‰ ุจู…ู†ุฒู„ุฉ ู‡ุงุฑูˆู† ู…ู† ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุงู„ุง ุงู†ู‡ ู„ุง ู†ุจู‰ ุจุนุฏู‰ » ูˆุนูŠุณู‰ ู…ู…ู† ุชู†ุจุฃ ู‚ุจู„ู‡ ูˆุญูŠู† ูŠู†ุฒู„ ุงู†ู…ุง ูŠู†ุฒู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุดุฑูŠุนุฉ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ู…ุตู„ูŠุง ุงู„ู‰ ู‚ุจู„ุชู‡ ูƒุฃู†ู‡ ุจุนุถ ุงู…ุชู‡ ูู„ุง ูŠูƒูˆู† ุงู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุญู‰ ูˆู„ุง ู†ุตุจ ุงุญูƒุงู… ุจู„ ูŠูƒูˆู† ุฎู„ูŠูุฉ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ … ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุงู‡ู„ ุงู„ุณู†ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฌู…ุงุนุฉ ู„ุง ู†ุจู‰ ุจุนุฏ ู†ุจูŠู†ุง ู„ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ { ูˆู„ูƒู† ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุฎุงุชู… ุงู„ู†ุจูŠูŠู† } ูˆู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… « ู„ุง ู†ุจู‰ ุจุนุฏู‰ » ูˆู…ู† ู‚ุงู„ ุจุนุฏ ู†ุจูŠู†ุง ู†ุจู‰ ูŠูƒูุฑ ู„ุงู†ู‡ ุงู†ูƒุฑ ุงู„ู†ุต ูˆูƒุฐู„ูƒ ู„ูˆ ุดูƒ ููŠู‡ ู„ุงู† ุงู„ุญุฌุฉ ุชุจูŠู† ุงู„ุญู‚ ู…ู† ุงู„ุจุงุทู„ . ูˆู…ู† ุงุฏุนู‰ ุงู„ู†ุจูˆุฉ ุจุนุฏ ู…ูˆุช ู„ุง ูŠูƒูˆู† ุฏุนูˆุงู‡ ุงู„ุง ุจุงุทู„ุง

“’Asim has read the word as “Khฤtam”, which is the sealing instrument with which things are sealed. It implied that Holy Prophet came at the end and in him the line of the Prophets was closed and sealed … Some people have read it as “Khฤtim”, which means the one who put a seal … Thus, “Khฤtim” also is a synonym of “Khฤtam” … Henceforth the scholars of his Ummah will only inherit him in walayat (sainthood), the inheritance of the Prophethood having been brought to a close in him. And the second coming of Prophet ‘Eisa does not affect the Holy Prophet’s being the last Prophet, for Khฤtam al-nabiyyin means that no other prophet will be raised after him as he said to the Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, “You are unto me like Harun was to Musa except that there is no prophet after me.” And ‘Eisa had been raised a Prophet before him. When he comes the second time, he will come as a follower of the shari’ah of Muhammad, may Allah bless him. He will offer the prayer facing his qiblah, like any other man belonging to his Ummah. He will neither receive revelation nor issue new commands, but he will be a caliph of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him … And the followers of the Sunnah believe that there is no prophet after our Holy Prophet, for Allah has said: “But he is Messenger of Allah and the last of the Prophets,” and the Holy Prophet has declared: “There is no prophet after me.” Now whoever says that there is a prophet after our Holy Prophet, will be declared a kafir, for he has denied a fundamental article of the faith; likewise, the one who doubts it, will also be declared a kafir, for the Truth has been made distinct from falsehood. And the claim of the one who claims to be a Prophet after the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him, can be nothing but imposture.” (Tafsir Ruh al-Bayan)

Al-Shaukani (d. 1250 A.H.):

ูˆู‚ุฑุฃ ุงู„ุฌู…ู‡ูˆุฑ : « ุฎุงุชู… » ุจูƒุณุฑ ุงู„ุชุงุก . ูˆู‚ุฑุฃ ุนุงุตู… ุจูุชุญู‡ุง . ูˆู…ุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุงุกุฉ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ : ุฃู†ู‡ ุฎุชู…ู‡ู… ، ุฃูŠ ุฌุงุก ุขุฎุฑู‡ู… . ูˆู…ุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุงุกุฉ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ : ุฃู†ู‡ ุตุงุฑ ูƒุงู„ุฎุงุชู… ู„ู‡ู… ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠุชุฎุชู…ูˆู† ุจู‡ ูˆูŠุชุฒูŠู†ูˆู† ุจูƒูˆู†ู‡ ู…ู†ู‡ู…

“The majority of the scholars have read the word as “Khฤtim” and ‘Asim as “Khฤtam”. According to the first reading, it would mean: “The Holy Prophet closed the lines of the Prophets i.e. he came at the end of them.” And according to the second reading it means, “He was like a seal for them, with which their line was sealed, and with whose inclusion their group was embellished.””(Fath al-Qadir)


  1. Top scholars from various times in Islamic history agree that “khatam al-Nabiyyin” simply means last of the prophets with whom the lines of prophets came to end. And even a possible consideration of what any claimant of prophethood after the Holy Prophet, may Allah bless him, may say is tantamount to disbelief.
  2. “Khatam” or “khatim” make no difference and the significance remains the same i.e. Final Seal of Prophets.
  3. Return of ‘Eisa ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… is not against the Finality of Prophethood for what it signifies is that no new prophet will be born and no one will be assigned prophethood after the Holy Prophet, may Allah bless him. And we know ‘Eisa ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… was born and assigned with prophethood before the Holy Prophet, may Allah bless him.
  4. And al-Baqa’i stating the unanimous belief of the Ummah first denied the possibility of more specifically a law-bearing prophet and then followed it by categorical mention that assignment of prophethood will not be revived after the Holy Prophet ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆ ุณู„ู…. Thus he clarified the Muslim belief that there will not be any kind of prophethood now.
  5. The scholars of the Ummah have always taken the words “khatam al-nabiyyin” to signify the end of Prophethood in absolute general terms leaving room for no exception at all.

I hope these references help the common Ahmadis to have an idea of what the real beliefs of the greatest scholars of this Ummah have been. It’s a call to give up the slavery of the cult and return to the Ummah of the Holy Prophet Muhammad al-Mustafa ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆ ุณู„ู….

* For all the references to Tafasir check under ayah 40 of surah 33.

Indeed Allah knows the best!

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    1. Qadyanis are debunked again!

    2. This book will be useful against the Ahmadais: