Jesus (PBUH) did not die according to Quran

Qadianis, also called Ahmadis, the followers of the religion founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed of Qadian, say that, Prophet Jesus (PBUH) died a natural death. And moreover these heathens try to prove their point from the Holy Quran, but all in vague. They can only deceive those people who don’t know the Quran in detail and the Arabic language. But Alhamdulillah Muslim scholars have done great work and have refuted their false propaganda in an irrefutable manner. All praise is to Allah.


Qadianis say that the word mutawaffeeka in Quran 3:55 and tawaffaitani in Quran 5:117 speak of the death of Prophet Jesus (PBUH) and they erroneously translate the verses as;

“Lo! God said:`O Jesus! Verily I shall cause thee to die, and shall exalt thee unto me...” (3:55)

"I said to them naught save as Thou didst command me: 'Serve God, my Lord and your Lord.'; and I was a witness of them so long as I was among them, but when Thou didst cause me to die Thou wast the Watcher over them. And Thou art Witness of all things.'” (5:117)

But this is wrong. I present the Islamic view point in detail in the following lines;

Correct Translation:

Quran 3:55 informs believers that Allah will “take back” Jesus (PBUH), protect him from the unbelievers, and raise him to His presence. Many great Islamic scholars and commentators have interpreted this verse to mean that Jesus (PBUH) did not die. As the verse states:

إِذْ قَالَ اللَّهُ يَا عِيسَى إِنِّي مُتَوَفِّيكَ وَرَافِعُكَ إِلَيَّ وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَجَاعِلُ الَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوكَ فَوْقَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ فِيمَا كُنْتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ

“When Allah said: ‘O Isa , I am to take you in full (mutawaffeeka) and to raise you towards Myself, and to cleanse you of those who disbelieve, and to place those who follow you above those who disbelieve up to the Day of Doom. Then to Me is your return, whereupon I shall judge between you in that over which you have differed.’” (3:55)

The part requiring special consideration is the sentence; “I will take you back (mutawaffeeka) and raise you up to Me.”

And indeed Quran 5:117 also goes on the same lines.

مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِلَّا مَا أَمَرْتَنِي بِهِ أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ وَكُنْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنْتَ أَنْتَ الرَّقِيبَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ

"I have not said to them anything but what You have ordered me to say, that is, 'Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord‘ and I was a witness over them as long as I was with them. But when You recalled me (tawaffaitani), You were the One watching over them. You are a witness over everything." (5:117)

A close examination reveals a most important truth: The verb carries a sense that differs from what is normally meant by “to die.” The word translated into English as “to die” comes from the Arabic root waffaa derived from the verb tawaffaa, which does not imply death, but rather taking the soul, or surrender.

Meaning of tawaffa:


Ibn Taymiyya said:

التوفى فى لغة العرب معناها القبض والاستيفاء وذالك ثلاثه انواع أحدها التوفى فى النوم والثانى توفى الموت والثالث وتوفى الروح والبدن جميعاٌ
"Al-tawaffa in the Arabic language means: to exact fully or take in full. It takes three forms; the first: to take in sleep; the second: to take in death; and the third: to take the body and soul all together." (Al-Jawab Al-Sahih 2/83)

In Kulliyat Abu Al-Baqa it is stated:

التوفى الاماته وقبض الروح وعليه استعمال العامه او الاستيفاء واخذ الحق وعليه استعمال البلغاء

"Tawaffa is putting to death and extracting the soul in common usage while in the classical usage it is 'taking in full’ and 'exacting the due right.'”

2-Quranic usage:

The Qur’an also reveals that taking a person’s soul does not always imply death. For instance, another verse uses tawaffaa to refer not to a person’s death, but to taking his or her soul while asleep:

اللَّهُ يَتَوَفَّى الْأَنْفُسَ حِينَ مَوْتِهَا وَالَّتِي لَمْ تَمُتْ فِي مَنَامِهَا فَيُمْسِكُ الَّتِي قَضَى عَلَيْهَا الْمَوْتَ وَيُرْسِلُ الْأُخْرَى إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

"Allah fully takes away (yatawaffaa) the souls (of the people) at the time of their death (mawtiha), and (of) those who do not die (lam tamut), in their sleep. Then He withholds those on whom He had decreed death (al-mawt), and sends others back, up to an appointed term. Surely, in this, there are signs for a people who ponder."
(Quran 39: 42)

The word here translated as “taking back” is the same as that used in Qur’an 3:55 and 5:117: tawaffaa. Since a person does not actually die during the night, the word yatawaffaa here refers not to death, but to taking the soul at night. If tawaffaa were being used in the sense of death, then that would mean that all people would be biologically dead during sleep. Thus, Jesus (PBUH) would have died every night of his life. Such an assertion is both irrational and illogical.

3-Explanation from Hadith:

Another instance in which sleep is regarded as a kind of death, but which does not refer to biological death, is the following Hadith:

عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ الْيَمَانِ قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا أَوَى إِلَى فِرَاشِهِ قَالَ بِاسْمِكَ أَمُوتُ وَأَحْيَا وَإِذَا قَامَ قَالَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا أَمَاتَنَا وَإِلَيْهِ النُّشُورُ

Narrated Huzaifa: When the Holy Prophet (PBUH) moved to his bed (to sleep) he would say; ‘All praise is for God, Who has made us alive after He made us die [sleep] (Al-hamdu li Allah illazi ahyana ba’da maa amatana; wa ilayhi al-nushoor).’ (Sahih Bukhari Hadith 5837)

No doubt, he used these wise words not to refer to biological death when one is asleep, but rather to a sleeping person’s soul being “taken.”

4-Jesus (PBUH) was given a kind of sleep:

Ibn Kathir, the famous Islamic scholar and commentator, used this Hadith, along with many other proofs in his commentary on Surah Al’-Imran, to explain that tawaffaa refers to sleep. In addition, he indicated the word’s meaning in other verses where it appears.

Ibn Kathir gave his opinion using a Hadith handed down by Ibn Abi Hatim: Ibn Abi Hatim says that: My father told us

عن الحسن أنه قال في قوله: { إِنِّي مُتَوَفِّيكَ } يعني وفاة المنام، رفعه الله في منامه

... from Hassan that the meaning of the verse ‘I will take you back…’ is this: Here it means that ‘I shall kill you with the death of sleep.' In other words, I shall cause you to sleep.’ So, Allah raised Jesus (PBUH) to the heavens while he was asleep."
(Ibn Kathir 2/47)

Infact there is a Hadith which clarifies beyond all doubt. It goes as;

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لليهود:"إن عيسَى لم يمتْ، وإنه راجعٌ إليكم قبل يوم القيامة

Hasan (RA) narrated: "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to the Jews, 'Jesus has not died, he will return to you before the Doomsday.'" (Al-Tabari H.7133)

5-Antonym of Hayat (Life) in the Quran?

Further we know that in the Holy Quran only the word mawt (death) is used in contrast to hayat (life) e.g. See Quran 67:2, 25:3, 2:260, 30:19, 2:164, 16:45, 45:5, 3:49, 42:9. But not even once has the Quran used tawaffa against hayat. This is strong evidence that to the Author of the Quran tawaffa is not the opposite of hayat.

6-Views of leading learned scholars:

Islamic scholars agree that mutawaffeeka means that Jesus (PBUH) did not die, but that he was raised to Allah’s presence and will return to Earth. For example;

Ibn Jarir Al-Tabari, the famous commentator and scholar , stated that mutawaffeeka is used in the sense of “removing from Earth” and interpreted the verse in the following terms: "To me the soundest opinion is to take this word in the sense of 'to take into one’s possession', 'draw (away) from Earth.' In that case, the meaning of the verse is: 'I shall take you from Earth and into the heavens.' [This is] because of the multiple ways it has been narrated from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) that Jesus son of Mary will descend, kill Anti-Christ (Dajjal)..." (Al-Tabari 3/51)

The great Islamic scholar Ibn Taymiyya stated that Quran 3:55 indicates that Jesus (PBUH) did not die, but most likely experienced a kind of “sleep death.” He then wrote: “This verse is proof that the death of Jesus (pbuh) is not being referred to… The word al-tawaffa [the infinitive form of the word mutawafeeka used] in the verse requires the death of the soul without that of the body, or of both, but with the existence of another piece of evidence explaining the circumstances in this sense. The meaning may be the death of sleep (as in Qur’an 6:60). The words at the end of the verse, to the effect that: “I shall separate you purified from the unbelievers,” are also along these lines. Had Jesus’ (PBUH) body been separated from his soul, then his body would be in the ground, as with the other prophets.” (Majmu‘Fatawa 4/322-323)

So in the light of the Quran, Hadith and the views of learned scholars the meaning of mutawaffeeka is 'to take in full' i.e. with both body and soul.

7-Ibn Abbas's (RA) view on Mutawaffeeka:

Now coming to the view of the pious Companion Ibn Abbas, we see that many people often quote a saying of him to confuse the whole case. It is quoted in Sahih Bukhari without any chain,

وَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ { مُتَوَفِّيكَ } مُمِيتُكَ

Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "Mutawaffeeka is 'I'll cause you to die.'" (Sahih Bukhari 14/149)

The complete narration along with chain is found in Ibn kathir 2/47, Al-Tabari 6/457, Ibn Abi Hatim 3/14 Hadith 3630.

But we ought to consider other narrations of Ibn Abbas (RA) to understand his actual position on this issue. The following one clarifies his stand point;

عن ابن عباس في قوله { إني متوفيك ورافعك } يعني رافعك ثم متوفيك في آخر الزمان

Narrated Az-Zahaak from Ibn Abbas that the verse 'Inni Mutawaffeka wa rafiuka' means: "I will raise you to myself then I'll cause you to die near the End of Times." (Durr Al-Manthur 2/347)

It is enough to show that even according to Ibn Abbas' (RA) view Jesus (PBUH) is alive yet and the verse to him refers only to his death in the End of Times after his descent.

One may say how can the order be changed i.e. how can rafa (raising) precede tawaffa (death as per Ibn Abbas' view) while it is mentioned later according to the make up of the sentence. This is no problem as it’s common in Quran that something mentioned later in the sentence precedes what's mentioned before it. A perfect example is Quran 3:110.

كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ

"You are the best of the nations raised up for (the benefit of) men; you enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and believe in Allah."

One can see that belief in Allah comes first but its mentioned after the mention of enjoining what is right and forbidding the wrong.

Ibn Abbas (RA) believed in the physical ascension of Prophet Jesus (PBUH). This fact also refutes any notion of attributing Jesus' (PBUH) death to him.

عن ابن عباس قال: لما أراد الله أن يرفع عيسى إلى السماء خرج على أصحابه ...ورفع عيسى من رَوْزَنَة في البيت إلى السماء

Ibn Abbas said, "When Allah intended to raise Jesus (PBUH) to the heavens, he went to his companions,...Jesus (PBUH) ascended to heaven through an opening in the top of the house."
(Ibn Abi Hatim 4/431 Hadith 6266, Ibn Kathir 2/449. Ibn Kathir called it Sahih)

This detail is enough to maintain that even the opinion of Ibn Abbas (RA) in essence goes with the established opinion of other Sahaba and later Muslim generations.

And it'll be nothing less than sham and hypocrisy to take one narration of a person and reject the other for no reason.


Ahamadis (Qadianis) use the verse 3:144 to convey that all the Prophets before Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) have died. They use it to suggest that even Prophet Jesus (PBUH) has died;

وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ أَفَإِنْ مَاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ انْقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَى أَعْقَابِكُمْ

‘And Muhammad is only a messenger — messengers have already passed away (qad khalat) before him. If, then, he dies or is killed, will you turn back upon your heels?’ [Translation by Qadianis](Quran 3: 144)

1-Meaning of ‘qad khalat:

Here the actual Arabic word is 'qad khalat' which comes from the word 'khala'.

About 'khala' Raghib Isfahani says:

والخلو يستعمل في الزمان والمكان لكن لما تصور في الزمان المضى فسر أهل اللغة خلا الزمان بقولهم مضى الزمان وذهب

"Al-Khallu (the root of khala) is used for for both time and space and but as there is a nuance of the past in (its usage of) time so linguists take it to refer to the past." (Mufradaat al-Quran 1/158) .... and then he gives Quran 3:144 and 13:6 as its examples.

Thus he makes it clear that the verse does not refer to the death of the Prophets before Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It does not even deal with their being alive or dead rather it only refers to their fact of their having lived in the past.

2-Meaning of 'khala' for persons:

It’s also wrong to say that when used for persons the word khala means death for we read in the Quran:

وَإِنْ مِنْ أُمَّةٍ إِلَّا خَلَا فِيهَا نَذِيرٌ

‘...and there never were a people, without a Warner having lived (khala) among them (in the past)’ (Quran 35: 24)

Even according to the translation of Sher Ali Qadiani it reads as; ‘and there is no people to whom a Warner has not been sent.’

In this verse translating the word 'khala' as Qadianis say otherwise will certainly be absurd.

3-Its meaning in relation to Quran 5:75:

Quran 5:75 goes as:

مَا الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ

Some try to relate it to Quran 5:75 mistranslating it as:

“The Messiah, son of Mary, was only a Messenger; surely, Messengers like unto him had indeed passed away before him.” [Qadiani Translation]

Infact to take this verse 5:75 to refer to death of all the prophets is erroneous because we know that while Jesus (PBUH) walked this Earth Prophet Yahya (John the Baptist) was alive. So the correct translation of this verse is as under;

“The Masih, son of Maryam, is no more than a Messenger. There have been messengers before him…”

Therefore the best translation of Quran 3: 144 is as done by Shaykh Taqi Usmani i.e.

‘And Muhammad is but a messenger, there have been messengers before him. So, if he dies or is killed, would you turn back on your heels?’

All the explanation above refutes the Qadiani position in favor of the Islamic creed.


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    1. 功能告诉我的问题。 写英语

    2. JazakAllah Waqar bhai,

      This specific refutation helping a lot.

    3. Good work brother !

    4. What a mess.This can never be correct.Since there is no spiritual guidance man will always be in the wrong.This by the grace of Allah the Promised Messiah and Mahdi came to save us from such ignorance.The Holy Prophet was right that a time will come when the Holy Quran will be black and white,we are seeing this.May Allah save us from this ignorance.

      1. Our muslim brother Shahid explains Mirza Qadianis blasphemy and Kufr.

        "You are to Me like My Unity and My Uniqueness. Therefore, the time is approaching when you will be helped and will be made wellknown
        in the world. You are to Me like My Throne. You are to Me like My son"
        English Online Tadhkhirah Book page.860 PDF page.880

        "Allah has preferred you to everything"
        English Online Tadhkhirah Book page.584 PDF page.604 footnote

        "Many thrones have descended from heaven, but your throne has been set up the highest of all"
        English Online Tadhkhirah book page.441 PDF.461

        "O My Ahmad. You are My purpose and are with Me"
        English Online Tadhkhirah book page.101 PDF page.121

        "You are to Me like my progeny"
        English Online Tadhkhirah Book page.510 PDF page.530 footnote

        "You are from Me and I am from you."
        English Online Tadhkhirah Book page.400 PDF page.420

        "In a vision, I saw God Almighty personified as a human being. He put His arm round my neck"
        English Online Tadhkhirah Book page.609 PDF page.629

        its clear that the founder of qadianism mirza ghulam qadiani contradicts even the most basic teaching of Islam (tawheed). Thus its impossible for mirza ghulam qadiani to be a prophet since mirza was a mushrik!

        "No vision can grasp Him, but His Grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Subtle and Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things. " [Quran ch 6 vs 103]

        "And to warn those who say, " Allah has taken a son." [18:4]

        "So woe to those who write the "scripture" with their own hands, then say, "This is from Allah ," in order to exchange it for a small price. Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they earn." [2:79]

        "And who is more unjust than one who invents a lie about Allah or says, "It has been inspired to me," while nothing has been inspired to him, and one who says, "I will reveal [something] like what Allah revealed." And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, [saying], "Discharge your souls! Today you will be awarded the punishment of [extreme] humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and [that] you were, toward His verses, being arrogant." [6:93]

      2. It is obviouse that you will not except it as it will make mirza qadian false to you and you can't have that Regaurdless of his corrupt writings. It is a fact that Ahmadiya is a SECT in islam the right sect is another issue. Now the prophet s.a.w has said that there will be 73 SECTS in MY ummah. (My UMMAH) and the one who follows quran and sunnah will be on true path. Now what people are they? They are the ones who did not make SECTS or belong to any SECT. These are the successful ones. Because making sects is forbidden. Now that shows that you might be in the 73 (MIGHT) because we know your not the ones who don't make sects or don't belong to one as ahmadiya is a sect. As the prophet s.a.w said my ummah, we have to ask the question that do you even qualify to be part of the 73 sects as you have excepted another prophet after the last and final prophet. Muhammad s.a.w. Now your people say that if you don't belive in your promised messiah your not a muslim. is this right or wrong.???

    5. Please refer to them as qadayanis and not ahmediya there are the ummat of ghlam ahmed and have nothing to do with our beloved prophet pbuh only Allah swt can guide them

    6. mashallah alhamdullilah .. may allah give you jannah in the akhira ameen great work

    7. So, what's the meaning this ayah?

      21:34 And We did not grant to any man before you eternity [on earth]; so if you die — would they be eternal?

      1. The verse does not oppose the idea of 'Eisa (AS) being alive for all Muslims believe he will die after his descent. He will taste death and the one who dies is not eternal.

    8. It surely helped a lot... I was confused regarding this topic. You rock :D

    9. Very interesting, thank you for the time and effort. How ever, I was unable to find the majority of the references cited according to the way you posted them( Sahih Bukhari 14/149; Al-Jawab Al-Sahih 2/83) ;Ibn kathir 2/47 ). I would like to verify the references to be at peace that you have accurately quoted them and in context. If it is at all possible could you provide hyper links to all the cited materials (I understand it may be a lot) for the sake of integrity. Or give the book, volume, and number for the references. I am not sure what data base you got the quotes from. If I cannot verify your quotations I will have to simply dismiss this work, please don't let it be a waste for lack of appropriate reference accessibility. Thank you for your time.

      1. Sahih Bukhari: See Kitab Tafsir al-Qur'an, Chapter باب {ما جعل الله من بحيرة ولا سائبة، ولا وصيلة ولا حام} المائدة: 103

        al-Jawab as-Sahih: I don't remember what edition I used back in 2010, however, you can find it on vol.4 p.38 in Dar al-'Asimah ed. (1999)

        For Ibn Kathir's tafisr: That statement of Hasan al-Basri can be found on vol.2 p.47, Sami as-Salamah's ed. published by Dar al-Tayyiba, Riyadh (1999)

        I wrote these articles years ago and don't always remember the editions I used. However, I believe these are easy to find for any serious minded person and I should first put in his best before thinking to 'simply dismiss.' Reading is easy, writing not that much.

    10. Truth will always stand out clearly if you are searching for it.

    11. Any way to reconcile this with the following?